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1975 FIA Formula 1 Season (ICM)

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1975 FIA Formula 1 Season (ICM)
Photo Credit: Attribution Unascertained.
Champion Constructor: Scuderia Ferrari (IT,3,15)
Putative Constructor: Scuderia Ferrari (IT)
Champion Driver: Niki Lauda (AT,1,1)
Putative Driver: Niki Lauda (AT)
Putative Constructor Entry Specification: Model 312T, 2.99-liter, twelve-cylinder flat, light alloy engine, DOHC, fuel injection, five-speed, transverse gearbox, Lockheed disc brakes, aluminum-composite body/aluminum monocoque chassis, lower wishbone/reversed lower wishbone-trailing arm independent suspension, 490 horsepower (Mauro Forgheri).

Firestone elects to withdraw from Formula 1, leaving Goodyear as the only supplier of rubber for the 1975 season. The season also marks the introduction of the tall air intakes behind and above the driver that so characterize the mid-Seventies of Grand Prix racing. 1975 marks the impressive resurgence of Scuderia Ferrari and the 312T as the racing house captures its third nominal and fifteenth putative constructors' title behind champion Niki Lauda, who starts the season in early deficit before charging to the points lead at Monaco in May. Ferrari snares a constructors' crown for the time since the 1964 season with John Surtees. National Brazilian favorite Carlos Pace brings an emotional victory to the home crowd at Interlagos in January. Jody Scheckter becomes the first South African to win a home race at Kyalami in March. Future F1 champion Alan Jones makes his debut at Montjuic Park in April. The American Parnelli entry under Mario Andretti snares a fourth place finish at Anderstorp in June. Departures: Five spectators due to Stommelen-Hill shunt, GP Spain, Barcelona, April. N. Graham Hill, 46, b. Hampstead, England 1929, d. plane crash, Arkley, England, November. Hill holds the singular distinction of winning the F1 drivers' championship, Monaco, the Le Mans 24 Hour, the Indianapolis 500, and the Targa Florio. Anthony Brise, 23, b. Brith, England 1952, d. plane crash, Arkley, England, November. New Racing Makes: British Williams. Canadian Wolf. Racing Evolution: Elevated air intakes (Formula 1). Transverse gearbox for racing (Ferrari).

HeM applies the Putative Model to all racing seasons for two primary purposes: First, to effectively normalize all racing seasons for empirical comparison across the decades, and second, to step clear of series organizers which score season championships primarily out of commercial interest or to attract manufacturer participation. The Putative Model simply scores all seasons in the same fashion as a standard track and field meeting, with the only purpose of tracking what takes place at the finishing stripe If the Putative Champion differs from the nominal Series Champion, please note the (SC) notation below.

Scuderia Ferrari114     Lauda94
McLaren Ford91     Fittipaldi E59
Brabham Ford79     Reutemann49
Hesketh Ford45     Hunt J45
Tyrrell Ford39     Mass32
Lotus Ford15     Pace31
March Ford15     

Noteworthy 1975 Races

1975 XXI Gran Premio de España Barcelona, Spain1975 1975 XXI Gran Premio de España At Montjuich for the Spanish Grand Prix (284 kilometers) in April, the race unexpectedly comes to a British McLaren M23 Ford under Jochen Mass (DE) in 0:42:53.7 (average 95.55 mph), under two seconds ahead of a Lotus driven by Jacky Ickx. The race claims the life of five spectators who perish after race leader Rolf Stommelen in his Lola loses his rear wing on Lap 25 and collides with teammate Graham Hill that in turn sends the latter soaring into a viewing area. As race officials sort through the carnage and confusion, Mass moves out front past race leader Jacky Ickx in his Lotus before race control halts the contest four laps later. Mass snares his only F1 victory under tragic circumstances and becomes the first German to win an Grand Prix event since the 1961 season (Von Trips), while Lella Lombardi in her March becomes the first woman to score points in an F1 event during the modern era. Race officials and the teams argue over the safety conditions at the circuit and the race only comes off after said officials threaten to impound all entries. Three drivers, including defending champion Emerson Fittipaldi, nonetheless withdraw from the contest prior to the start. Photo Credit: Bernard Cahier.
1975 XXXIII Gran Prix de Monaco Monte Carlo1975 1975 XXXIII Gran Prix de Monaco At Monaco for the Grand Prix (246 kilometers) in May, an Italian Scuderia Ferrari 312T under Niki Lauda (AT) takes race honors in rainy conditions in 2:01:21.3 (average 75.53 mph), under three seconds ahead of a McLaren driven by Emerson Fittipaldi. Lauda moves out front past race leader Ronnie Peterson in his Lotus on Lap 25 of 75 after the drivers complete their service, never puts a foot wrong afterwards, and brings Ferrari its first victory in the principality since 1955 as the race ends under the two-hour limit rule. Photo Credit: Sutton Images.
1975 XXIV Grand Prix of Holland Zandvoort, The Netherlands1975 1975 XXIV Grand Prix of Holland At Zandvoort for the Dutch Grand Prix (317 kilometers) in June, a British Hesketh 308B Ford under James Hunt (GB) takes the flag in rainy conditions in 1:46:57.4 (average 110.49 mph), under two seconds ahead of a Ferrari driven by Niki Lauda. Hunt and Lauda dice for the point over the final fifteen laps before Hunt finally fends off the latter for his maiden F1 victory and the only cross for constructor Hesketh. The fine on-track battle only heralds the dynamic F1 future between the two ambitious pilots. Photo Credit: Sutton Images.
1975 XXX British Grand Prix Silverstone, England1975 1975 XXX British Grand Prix At Silverstone for the British Grand Prix (321 kilometers) in July, a British McLaren M23 Ford under Emerson Fittipaldi (BR) notches a victory in heavy rains in 1:22:05 (average 120.02 mph), a lap ahead of a Brabham Ford entry. Intermittent rains plague the drivers throughout the event before a tremendous cloudburst on Lap 56 of 68 results in the spinout and retirements of twelve entries, prompting race officials to halt the contest eleven laps from completion. Photo Credit: LAT Photographic Archive.
1975 VIII Großer Preis von Österreich Knittelfeld, Austria1975 1975 VIII Großer Preis von Österreich At the Österreichring for the Austrian Grand Prix (319 kilometers) in August, a British March 751 Ford under Vittorio Brambilla (IT) bests the field in 0:57:56.7 (average 110.31 mph), under twenty-eight seconds ahead of a Hesketh entry. Brambilla moves out front past race leader James Hunt in his Hesketh before race officials halt the event at Lap 29 due to heavy rains. Brambilla in his exuberance in claiming his maiden F1 victory crashes his entry on the cooldown lap. The race claims the life of reputed driver Mark Donohue, who succumbs to brain injuries incurred in a practice session shunt. Donohue returned to auto racing in 1975 after a brief retirement. Photo Credit: Attribution Unascertained.
1975 XXVII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone, England1975 1975 XXVII BRDC International Trophy At Silverstone for the BRDC International Trophy (188.5 kilometers, non-championship) in April, an Italian Scuderia Ferrari 312T under Niki Lauda (AT) crosses first in 0:52:17.6 (average 134.23 mph), less than a second (.10) ahead of a McLaren driven by Emerson Fittipaldi. Lauda moves out front on Lap 26 of 40 after race leader James Hunt in his Hesketh loses fire and the Austrian holds off a determined yet fruitless challenge by Fittipaldi to prevail for a slender victory. Photo Credit: Scuderia Ferrari.